Shared and personal knowledge

Shared knowledge emerges from interaction and can be discussed and criticised. It Is not restricted to the experience of individuals and is in some sense impersonal. Shared knowledge also produces knowledge communities. These are groups of people who are linked together through having access to a particular system of shared knowledge.

There are six main conditions that have to be satisfied for knowledge to be shared:

  • A shared problem/ motivation to share the knowlege
  • Requires knowledge
  • A technology for sharing knowledge
  • Shared concepts and conventions
  • A shared methodology
  • Shared history

Personal knowledge on the other hand is individual and unshared. It can involve “Know how” gained by an individuals’ practice; knowledge that can only be accessed by individuals (e.g. feelings); tacit unconscious knowledge (e.g. how long to shake someone’s hand for). Personal knowledge requires first personal experience (could you describe colours to a blind man?).


What constitutes good?

According to the oxford dictionary, good is when something is “desired or approved of”. Does this mean that anything is seen as ‘good’ as soon as several people approve of it? Or is ‘good’ constituted by values, people and actions; if so what is a ‘good’ value or a ‘good’ person’?

In my opinion something can be seen as ‘good’, when it is reliable, efficient and consistent. Projecting this on people, a ‘good’ person is someone who possesses these three values in addition to honesty and open-mindedness.  For me, a ‘good’ action is when something is done to help other people, to make the world better (e.g. helping in the fight against poverty) or an action that benefits someone, without harming or wronging anyone else. A good action also includes reacting in a disciplinary way rather than impulsively.

In conclusion, my perspective of ‘good’ is a moral one, and I see the word ‘good’ as a description of values, people and actions that display moral virtues.